Types of Alternative Septic Systems

Waste treatment tank

Waste treatment tankThere is a wide range of alternative septic systems on the market today. Some are designed as community systems where they serve more than one home while others are intended for off-grid homesteads. However, all these systems come with different costs, complexity and maintenance requirements. Explained below are some of the most common waste management methods:

Compost Toilets

Compost toilets are efficient alternatives due to their ability to naturally decompose waste. With this system, decomposition takes place in a bin usually located below the toilet. Heat, leaves, wood shaving and straws are needed to act as catalysts. Compost toilets are ideal for areas where municipal waste management systems are not accessible or sustainable. However, it is essential to understand that there are areas have strict regulations when it comes to standalone compost toilets.

Aerobic Systems

Aerobic septic systems are among the ideal septic tank alternatives. These operate by breaking down pathogens found in waste products with the help of naturally occurring anaerobic bacteria. The partially treated waste passes through the drain fields where the process continues with the help of aerobic bacteria found in the soil. However, you need to keep in mind that some types of soils are not permeable enough while some are too permeable for the process to occur correctly.

Filtration Systems

Filtering systems are a necessary alternative when there is inadequate room for a drain field to process waste efficiently. This system involves the use of a sand filter system where the effluent passes through the sand several times before it goes through to the small drain field. Conventional septic systems also incorporate this filtration process.

The installation of septic tanks is usually an expensive venture, and luckily, they are not the only available waste management option. Knowing and understanding common alternatives to septic tanks can help you avoid inconveniences while lowering your construction expenses. It is, however, essential to know which alternative system will work best with the type of soil in your land.